Prophylaxis for chloroquine resistant malaria

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    Prophylaxis for chloroquine resistant malaria


    -Suppressive therapy should continue for 8 weeks after leaving the endemic area. Approved indication: For the suppressive treatment of malaria due to Plasmodium vivax, P malariae, P ovale, and susceptible strains of P falciparum CDC Recommendations: 300 mg base (500 mg salt) orally once a week Comments: -For prophylaxis only in areas with chloroquine-sensitive malaria -Prophylaxis should start 1 to 2 weeks before travel to malarious areas; should continue weekly (same day each week) while in malarious areas and for 4 weeks after leaving such areas.

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    Oct 01, 2018 Chloroquine-Resistant Malaria Chloroquine phosphate tablets are not effective against Chloroquine-or hydroxyChloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium species see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Microbiology. Chloroquine resistance is widespread in P. falciparum and is reported in P. vivax. Before using Chloroquine for prophylaxis, it should be. Chloroquine is an aminoquinoline used for the prevention and therapy of malaria. It is also effective in extraintestinal amebiasis and as an antiinflammatory agent for therapy of rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus. Chloroquine is not associated with serum enzyme elevations and is an extremely rare cause of clinically apparent acute liver injury. QUESTION In India how to treat a child and adult suffering from malaria? ANSWER Chloroquine-resistant malaria has been observed in India and so the first line drug of choice should be an artemisinin-derivative in combination with another drug this group of medications are more generally known as "artemisinin-based combination therapies" or ACTs.

    Approved indication: For acute attacks of malaria due to P vivax, P malariae, P ovale, and susceptible strains of P falciparum CDC Recommendations: Chloroquine-sensitive uncomplicated malaria (Plasmodium species or species not identified): 600 mg base (1 g salt) orally at once, followed by 300 mg base (500 mg salt) orally at 6, 24, and 48 hours Total dose: 1.5 g base (2.5 g salt) Comments: -For the treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to chloroquine-sensitive P vivax or P ovale, concomitant treatment with primaquine phosphate is recommended. 60 kg or more: 1 g chloroquine phosphate (600 mg base) orally as an initial dose, followed by 500 mg chloroquine phosphate (300 mg base) orally after 6 to 8 hours, then 500 mg chloroquine phosphate (300 mg base) orally once a day on the next 2 consecutive days Total dose: 2.5 g chloroquine phosphate (1.5 g base) in 3 days Less than 60 kg: First dose: 16.7 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (10 mg base/kg) orally Second dose (6 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Third dose (24 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Fourth dose (36 hours after first dose): 8.3 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (5 mg base/kg) orally Total dose: 41.7 mg chloroquine phosphate/kg (25 mg base/kg) in 3 days Comments: -Concomitant therapy with an 8-aminoquinoline compound is necessary for radical cure of malaria due to P vivax and P malariae.

    Prophylaxis for chloroquine resistant malaria

    Malaria Prophylaxis. The ABCD of Malaria Prophylaxis., Chloroquine - LiverTox - NCBI Bookshelf

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  4. Chloroquine, an old malaria drug, may help treat novel coronavirus, doctors say Chloroquine, or hydroxychloroquine, has been used to treat malaria since 1944.

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    Gozal D, Hengy C, Fadat G. Prolonged malaria prophylaxis with chloroquine and proguanil chloroguanide in a nonimmune resident population of an endemic area with a high prevalence of chloroquine resistance. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1991 Feb; 35 2373–376. PMC free article White NJ, Watt G, Bergqvist Y, Njelesani EK. Chloroquine phosphate or hydroxychloroquine sulfate can be used for prevention of malaria only in destinations where chloroquine resistance is not present see Maps 2-7 and 2-8 or the next section in this chapter, Malaria Risk Information and Prophylaxis, by Country. Chloroquine phosphate or hydroxychloroquine sulfate Plaquenil can be used for prevention of malaria only in destinations where chloroquine resistance is not present see Chapter 2, Yellow Fever Vaccine & Malaria Prophylaxis Information, by Country. Prophylaxis should begin 1–2 weeks before travel to malarious areas.

     
  5. somkov Well-Known Member

    Purpose To prepare mesoporous silica-based delivery systems capable of simultaneous delivery of drugs and nucleic acids. Repurposed Drugs Astrocytoma Options Medicines for the Prevention of Malaria While Traveling. MD Anderson Employee Resources MD Anderson Cancer Center
     
  6. Cornel Moderator

    MedlinePlus Find information on health conditions, wellness issues, and more in easy-to-read language on MedlinePlus, the up-to-date, trusted health information site from the NIH and the National Library of Medicine.

    Hydroxychloroquine Indications, Side Effects, Warnings.